9 Examples of Animals that Work Together in Nature

By: | Updated: January 01, 2024

Here is our list of the best examples of animals that work together in nature.

Animals that work together in nature are species that cooperate in activities such as hunting, migrating, protecting members, and securing territories. For example, ants, beavers, and buffaloes. Emulating these animals can help you improve your teamwork.

This information can indirectly help you improve cooperation in the workplace and boost team building skills.

This article covers:

  • examples of teamwork in the animal kingdom
  • animals that use teamwork to survive
  • examples of cooperation in nature
  • animals that help other animals

Here we go!

List of animals that work together in nature

Animals that work together have amazing organizational structures, behaviors, and traits to help them thrive in their habitats. Here is a list of collaborative animals and lessons to learn from these creatures.

#1. A pride of lions

A lion roaring

Prides of lions are one of the leading examples of teamwork in the animal kingdom. Lions are the only big cats with a social life, and they live in a pride of 2 to 40 members. This social structure is crucial for the lions’ survival.

Here are key management lessons from lions.


Lions prefer hunting big game to feed a large pride. Lions’ prey includes buffalos, wildebeest, zebras, and elephants. Taking down these huge animals is a daunting task and requires the pride’s cooperation.

Tip: Employees need each other’s contributions to handle challenging tasks. When staff unite and collaborate, it becomes easier to achieve big objectives.

Here is a list of quotes about teamwork and respect.


Lions take time to study a herd before deciding on the animal to kill. Usually, lions look for openings by seeking out weaknesses, such as a sick, hurt or lone animal.

Tip: Analytical managers take time to make decisions and take advantage of opportunities. Marketers and product developers should take advantage of market gaps to outdo competitors.

Check out this list of books on business strategy.

Delegation of duties

When hunting, each lion takes up a specific position and role. As lions fan out to surround the prey, the younger and weaker lions drive prey to the center. Meanwhile, the other strong lions attack from the sides and front.

Tip: Clearly defining employees’ jobs and responsibilities improves productivity. Effective duty delegation involves engaging employees in the best-suited jobs.


A strict discipline exists in the lion’s kingdom. For instance, the alpha males own the mating rights with pride females. If a younger male lion courts pride females, then the alpha lion fights them as a warning. However, if misbehavior persists, then the pride king excommunicates the erratic members from the pride land. For instance, when the young lions mate with pride lionesses.

Tip: HR professionals learn a few disciplinary tips. For example, erratic employees deserve a second chance to improve their behavior. However, employees who disregard rules or refuse to submit to authority may end up terminated from employment.


The scope of a lion’s authority is as far as its territory stretches. When non-pride lions invade, the alpha male asserts authority by roaring and sometimes engaging in a fight.

Tip: Managers should never ignore conflicts but should act upon the issues quickly. Leaders also need good strategies for resolving disputes, say through positive public relations and negotiations.


When young lions mature, they break out from the pride to seek new territories. In such cases, they maintain a friendship with the original pride. Such bonds allow the lions to make partnerships to protect the new pride and for hunting.

Tip: Companies need to form strategic partnerships to counter unhealthy competition, gain more significant market share, and gain expertise. Also, maintaining positive relationships with former employees can be advantageous for organizations.

#2. A herd of cape buffaloes

A picture of a buffalo

Cape buffalos are one the best examples of cooperation in nature. The buffaloes are famous for being the best predator killer and part of the African “Big Five” animals. These large species often live in herds of 50 to 500 heads, consisting of males, females, and young calves.

Here are management lessons to learn from the cape buffalo.

Unity of purpose

Cape buffalos live in large numbers to discourage predators’ advances. When cornered, the strong buffaloes form a united front to protect the rest of the herd. In extreme cases, buffaloes stampede on the predators.

Tip: Unity of purpose is the approach managers use to influence followers in the required direction. For instance, team members with a shared vision contribute individually and achieve common goals more quickly.


Buffalo’s protect their own. For instance, if an animal is wounded and cannot move at an average pace, then strong buffalos surround it to protect it from predators like lions and hyenas. In addition, When a buffalo is captured and sends a distress call, buffalo herds within proximity come to its aid.

Tip: Empathy strengthens team spirit and enhances trust and belongingness.


Typically buffalo herds are social groups and do not discriminate on their own. Stronger buffaloes linger around the sick and wounded members to offer protection until those weak animals regain strength. Disabled buffaloes also enjoy the herd’s safety and security.

Tip: Diversity and inclusion foster confidence in weaker or disadvantaged employees.

Here is a list of virtual inclusion exercises.


Though buffalos have poor sight, they use their strong sense of scent to locate predators and warn the herd. Buffaloes combine intonation with grunts, bellows, and snorts to pass across different messages.

Tip: Effective communication enhances service delivery. Employees receive and interpret info, feedback, and alerts better when they understand their organizations’ communication mode and process.

Check out this list of communication activities.

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#3. A colony of ants

A picture of an ant colony

Ants are tiny animals that use teamwork to survive. These insects exist in over 12,000 species. Each species lives in colonies that accommodate up to a million ants, consisting of a queen, female workers, and males.

Here are interesting management tips from ants.

Planning and organization

Ants gather food and build mounds in summer as preparation for winter. During the cold season, ants feed on stored food and hibernate.

Tip: Planning helps prepare for uncertainties, evades predictable risks, and improves the odds of success.

Delegation in teams

Colonies thrive because the ants have well-defined roles. For instance, male ants fertilize the eggs, and the queen lays the eggs. Female ants work as food gatherers, babysitters, anthill builders, and soldiers to protect the queen and the colony.

Tip: Delegation improves efficiency and productivity. Segregation of duties also enhances learning and expertise.


Ants devote their lives to protecting the queen and the colony. Usually, a queen can live up to 30 years and is rarely replaced. If the queen dies, then the entire colony may be extinguished because other female workers do not reproduce. In the event of invasion, ants fight opponents to death.

Tip: Commitment and loyalty cause teams to thrive and yield amid challenges like competition.

#4. A pack of African wild dogs

A picture of an African wild dog

With a hunting success rate of 80%, the African wild dog is the most successful hunter in Africa. The dogs live in packs of up to 50 members and follow the male and female alpha pair.

Here are some lessons to learn from the African wild dog.


These dogs are similar in size to the domestic dog but can hunt a game as big as a mature wildebeest. First, the hunters liaise to separate the target prey from the herd, then chase the prey to exhaustion, and finally kill the target.

Tip: Continuous cooperation and teamwork are crucial for success.


When hunting, the African wild dogs run at a speed of up to 44 mph, around 60kph. As a result, these dogs can continuously keep up with the chase for up to 3 hours. This consistency contributes a lot to the dogs’ hunting success.

Tip: Consistency in employees breeds self-discipline and enhances learning. In organizations, consistency accelerates progress, such as employee training and customer acquisition and retention.


The African wild dogs use high-pitched calls and barking sounds to communicate their location with fellow pack members. This process helps dogs who may have strayed or gotten lost during the run to rejoin the pack.

Tip: Leaders need proper communication skills to give direction, coordinate employees, and make workflow effective.


A pack of wild dogs has complex hierarchies, with the alpha pair at the top. Either leader from the pair provides direction to the pack.

Tip: Good leadership involves using strategic and critical thinking to influence followers towards the right goals. Also, autonomy in leadership improves creativity and builds trust across hierarchies.

Check out this list of leadership skills.

Team support

Wild dogs fend for sick pack members and the litter. It is common for this species to spare food for the absent members. For instance, the dogs regurgitate meat for weaker dogs until they can fend for themselves.

Tip: Team support and empathy strengthen social ties, build tolerance, and increase trust in members.

#5. An elephant herd

A picture of three elephants in a field

Elephants have a good memory and are among the world’s smartest animals. Elephant herds exhibit some of the best examples of teamwork in the animal kingdom. Here are lessons to learn from the elephants.


Elephant groups are matriarchal, and leadership is usually reserved for the oldest female elephant in the group. Matriarch elephants use memory and experience to lead and ensure the herd’s survival. From years of experience, the leaders know how to source medicinal plants, where to find food and water during drought, and the predator realms to avoid.

Tip: Experience and exposure are crucial factors to consider when choosing leaders. Knowledgeable leaders have the wisdom to make better decisions and connections to increase company success rates.

Leadership development and transition

Elephant herds typically consist of related females, like daughters, sisters, and nieces, with their calves. The matriarch grooms older females to take over leadership when the matriarch is too old, weak, or dies.

Tip: Leadership development through coaching and mentorship produces strong-willed and knowledgeable leaders. Furthermore, preparation for leadership transition is crucial for the continuity and success of the organization.

Culture development

Matriarchs lead by providing guidance and influencing the behavior of the herd. Herd members also rely on matriarchs’ wisdom and teaching to raise the young.

Tip: Leaders have the power to influence employee behavior and drive organizational culture changes.

Check out this list of books on company culture.

Team bonding

Elephants are social animals that graze in herds. Aside from the matriarchies, males attach to bachelor herds. In both groups, elephants exhibit friendship and bonding through behaviors like patting one another’s heads with their ears and intertwining trunks.

Tip: Bonding activities like team building are essential in promoting employees’ social welfare.

Here is a list of virtual team bonding ideas.

Conflict resolution

Elephants use dominance and hierarchies to settle conflicts, for example, when fighting over scarce resources like food.

Tip: Establishing a proper scalar chain is an effective method for handling issues in the organization. For instance, if employees cannot reach an agreement, escalating issues to the next higher person on the chain helps resolve those problems.

Check out this list of conflict resolution books.

#6. A flock of the Arctic tern

A picture of a bird on a post

The Arctic terns have the longest migratory route among all animals. The terns cover up to 59,000 miles per year.

Here are management lessons to learn from the Arctic terns.


The Arctic terns are aggressive when threatened. For instance, the birds gang up to scare or attack the enemy using noise and pecking.

Tip: Commitment to purpose enables leaders and their employees to tackle challenges and threats effectively.

Resource utilization

When migrating, the Arctic terns save their energy and glide in the breeze.

Tip: Using available resources and opportunities saves costs, enhances efficiency, and reduces burn out.

Teamwork and strategy

As the birds fly over the sea, they look out for and identify prey. Then, the terns plunge in unison to attack and scoop their prey, mostly fish. This tactic is efficient and ensures that the flock has sufficient provisions for the long journeys.

Tip: Teamwork enables fast execution of jobs. Moreover, when combined with strategy, teams experience improved efficiency.

#7. A waddle of penguins

A group of penguins around a baby penguin

Penguins provide practical examples of cooperation in nature. These birds are highly social and do almost all activities together. For instance, penguins nest, hunt, and feed as a community.

Job rotation

The Arctic region gets extremely cold during winter. To survive the chills, penguins huddle for warmth. The penguins take turns standing at the edge of the flock and act as a shield from the cold winds.

Tip: Job rotation and work shifts are crucial in controlling overburden and burnout among staff.

Shared responsibility

Penguins pair to mate, and once the female lays an egg, she hands it to her partner. The male holds the egg between its feet, never letting go till the chick hatches.

Tip: Sharing responsibility and focusing on the goal fuels results.


Penguins co-parent to raise their young. During the brooding, females migrate in search of food for the young ones yet to hatch.

Tip: Partnerships enhance the growth, continuity, and success of businesses.

#8. A colony of beavers

A picture of a beaver in a pond

Beavers are the largest rodents in Northern America and among the best examples of animals that naturally work together. Also known as the ecological engineers, beavers construct dams and lodges to enhance their survival.

Here are some management basics to learn from beavers.

Job shadowing

Using mud and sticks, Beaver parents construct safety bunkers, also known as lodges. Meanwhile, beaver kids emulate their parents and eventually acquire engineering skills. Young beavers also learn food preservation from the older beavers.

Tip: On-job training best is among the best ways to impart skills to staff. Shadowing employees get hands-on experience from experts and are likely to perform very well.


Beavers construct lodges to store provisions. These lodges have ventilated roofs for aeration and underground entrances to prevent predators’ access.

Tip: Tact helps maneuver threats and challenges, and strategic planning counters foreseen risks.

Creativity and innovation

Beavers tactfully modify their habitat. These creatures create dams using logs to slow water flow and prevent erosion of lodges. The dams create new habitats for wetlands species.

Tip: Innovation elements like ideation and value creation are critical in forming a new product. Creativity adds value to products and makes them stand out.

Here is a list of books on innovation.

#9. A swarm of honey bees

A picture of bees on a honeycomb

Honeybees are a popular example of animals that use teamwork to survive. These insects live in a hive of about 50,000 bees.

Here are valuable management lessons from the honey bees.

Segregation of duty

Every member of a hive has a specific role to play. For instance, the males, aka drones, are only responsible for mating with the queen, and females are responsible for various assigned jobs like foraging and security.

Tip: Companies with large employee numbers need proper segregation of duty and responsibility to boost productivity.


Bees from the same hive share the same pigment identification. This color code distinguishes different colonies and enhances defense.

Tip: Brand management enhances products’ trust, recognition, and loyalty to enable marketers to counter competition.

Disaster management

Bees can feel the hormones produced by potential predators. If the bees sense danger, then they send signals that alert other bees to prepare for an attack.

Tip: Effective disaster management requires prompt communication, risk preparedness, and the ability to challenge.


Animals adapt to different mechanisms to ensure their survival. Several species have survived the test of time due to the ability to work together, for example, the lions, arctic terns, and beavers. These animals collaborate to protect themselves, find food, and escape predators. By studying the social life of these collaborative animals, employees learn critical tips to apply in the workplace. These examples include the lions’ teamwork, the ants’ duty delegation, and the honey bees’ disaster management.

Feel free to check out these lists of team bonding questions and team building quotes.

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FAQ: Animals that work together in nature

Here are answers to common questions about animals that work together in nature.

What are examples of animals that use teamwork?

Some of the animals that rely on teamwork include

  • the African wild dog
  • cape buffaloes
  • honey bees
  • lions
  • ants
  • beavers
  • penguins
  • dolphins
  • killer whales

These animals cooperate to increase their chances of survival. For instance, to source food, scare predators, and protect the territories.

What are some of the most cooperative animals in nature

The most cooperative animal species include

  • lions
  • ants
  • elephants
  • honey bees
  • the African wild dogs

These animals use collaboration as a survival tactic.

What teamwork lessons can you learn from animals?

Every animal species has a unique management structure. Here are some insights you can gain from observing how animals organize themselves.

  1. Teamwork tips
  2. Leadership skills
  3. Culture development
  4. Communication skills
  5. Disaster management
  6. Conflict resolution tips
  7. Benefits of consistency
  8. Support system development
  9. Responsibility and accountability
  10. Initiative and decision making tips
  11. Empathy and sensitivity for colleagues
  12. Process management, like standard operating procedures

These are a few examples, but you can get plenty more lessons by studying how different animals collaborate in nature.

Author avatar


People & Culture Director at teambuilding.com.
Grace is the Director of People & Culture at teambuilding.com. She studied Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University, Information Science at East China Normal University and earned an MBA at Washington State University.


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